How to Achieve the Perfect Focaccia with Crispy Edges and Airy Crumb?

April 5, 2024

In the vast world of bread baking, the focaccia holds a special place. Its crispy edges are a delight to the senses while the airy crumb within beckons you to take bite after bite. Originating from Italy, this olive oil-rich flatbread has a history as rich as its flavor. But how do you achieve the perfect focaccia? It’s a question many aspiring bakers have asked. In the following sections, we’ll break down the process step by step, highlighting the important aspects of the dough, the use of oil, and the baking process. We’ll also delve into the use of different ingredients like flour, yeast, and sourdough.

The Perfect Focaccia Dough

The heart of any focaccia is its dough. It’s a simple mixture of flour, water, yeast, and salt, but the right technique can elevate these humble ingredients into a culinary masterpiece.

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Start by combining warm water and yeast in a large bowl. Warm water will help activate the yeast, allowing it to rise more efficiently. Next, add the flour and salt. When choosing flour, opt for high-quality bread flour. It has a higher protein content which contributes to the formation of gluten, ensuring a chewy and airy texture.

Mix the ingredients until a rough dough forms. Then, it’s time to knead. Kneading is essential for developing gluten which provides structure and elasticity. A well-kneaded dough will be smooth and slightly tacky to touch.

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Once you’ve achieved the right consistency, let the dough rise. This is where patience comes in. Allow the dough to rise for at least 1-2 hours, or until it has doubled in size.

Using Olive Oil

After the dough has risen, it’s time to incorporate the olive oil. Olive oil is a key ingredient in focaccia, giving it its distinctive flavor and contributing to its delightfully crisp edges.

Drizzle a generous amount of olive oil into a pan and then transfer the dough into it. Gently spread the dough to fit the pan, creating dimples with your fingers. These dimples serve a dual purpose—they create the classic focaccia texture and also allow the oil to seep into the dough, infusing it with flavor.

Remember, not all oils are made equal. Use a high-quality extra virgin olive oil. It’s not just for the taste; the oil also helps in achieving the golden brown, crispy edges that are a hallmark of a well-made focaccia.

The Magic of Sourdough

While you can make a satisfactory focaccia using commercial yeast alone, incorporating sourdough into the recipe takes it to a new level. Sourdough adds a depth of flavor that’s simply unmatched.

Preparing a sourdough starter may take some time, but the result is worth the effort. Combine equal parts of flour and water in a bowl and leave it at room temperature. Feed your starter daily with fresh flour and water, and in about a week, you will have a lively and bubbly sourdough starter ready to be used in your focaccia.

When incorporating the sourdough into your recipe, remember that it’s not just a flavoring ingredient—it also acts as a leavening agent. This means you will need to adjust the amount of commercial yeast used in your recipe.

Baking Focaccia

After letting the dough prove for a few hours in the pan, the focaccia is ready to be baked. Baking is more than just throwing the pan in the oven. It requires precise temperature control and timing.

Preheat your oven to around 220°C (425°F). The high temperature helps create a crispy crust while keeping the interior soft and airy.

Before sliding your pan into the oven, sprinkle the dough with coarse sea salt. This not only adds flavor but also gives a crunchy texture to the crust.

Bake the focaccia for 20-25 minutes, or until it’s golden brown. Keep a close eye on it during the final minutes of baking as it can go from perfect to burnt very quickly.

Remember, baking bread isn’t an exact science. It’s more about feel and experience. The more you bake, the better you’ll understand how your dough behaves and how your oven cooks. This knowledge is invaluable in your journey to achieving the perfect focaccia.

Dressing up Your Focaccia

After mastering the basics, it’s time to decorate your focaccia bread, making it not only delicious but visually appealing. Topping your focaccia with various ingredients can enhance its flavor profile and give it a more personalized touch.

Start with a base layer of olive oil. After spreading your dough in the pan, use your fingers to create dimples and cover the top with a generous amount of extra virgin olive oil. This will not only permeate the dough with its distinct flavor but will also help retain the moisture, ensuring that your focaccia doesn’t dry out during baking.

Next, you can add your favorite herbs and spices. Traditional focaccia is often topped with rosemary and sage, but feel free to experiment with other flavors like thyme, oregano, or even a sprinkle of chili flakes for a bit of heat.

No focaccia is complete without a good sprinkle of sea salt. Coarse sea salt or kosher salt will not only enhance the flavors but will also give your focaccia a slight crunch, contrasting well with the soft, airy crumb within.

Finally, consider adding some fresh vegetables, cheeses, or even cured meats to your focaccia. Thinly sliced tomatoes, olives, or red onions can add a burst of color and flavor, while a sprinkle of freshly grated Parmesan or mozzarella can create a beautiful, melty finish. Remember, the key is to not overload your dough with toppings, as it can weigh down the dough and prevent it from achieving that desirable airy texture.


Achieving the perfect focaccia bread might seem daunting at first, but the process becomes much simpler once you understand the basics. From selecting high-quality bread flour and olive oil, to ensuring your dough rises at the right room temperature, every step is crucial in creating a focaccia with crispy edges and an airy interior.

And while following the recipe to the letter is essential, do not be afraid to experiment. The beauty of focaccia lies in its versatility. So whether you prefer your bread plain or topped with an assortment of flavors, there’s a focaccia variation that’s perfect for you.

So go on, dust off that rolling pin, and embark on your journey to mastering the art of focaccia baking. Happy baking!